解除 Excel 工作薄保护的一种方法

  昨天遇到一个求助,一位小朋友准备报考公务员,结果某省发布的职位表有保护,这位小朋友希望能解除这种保护以便能快速筛选符合自己要求的职位。众所周知,如果没有原始密码原则上是无法解除保护的(该省没有提供密码,其实这是废话,提供了我就不会写这篇东西了)。于是微歌只好求助网络,终于找到了一种简单粗暴的解决办法,顺利解决了这一问题。
  解决方法如下:

  1. 按 Alt+F11 调出 VBA 编辑器。

  2. 执行『插入』-『模块』操作:
  3. 将以下代码粘贴到模块的代码框中:

Option Explicit

Public Sub AllInternalPasswords()
' Breaks worksheet and workbook structure passwords. Bob McCormick
' probably originator of base code algorithm modified for coverage
' of workbook structure / windows passwords and for multiple passwords
'
' Norman Harker and JE McGimpsey 27-Dec-2002 (Version 1.1)
' Modified 2003-Apr-04 by JEM: All msgs to constants, and
' eliminate one Exit Sub (Version 1.1.1)
' Reveals hashed passwords NOT original passwords
Const DBLSPACE As String = vbNewLine & vbNewLine
Const AUTHORS As String = DBLSPACE & vbNewLine & _
"Adapted from Bob McCormick base code by" & _
"Norman Harker and JE McGimpsey"
Const HEADER As String = "AllInternalPasswords User Message"
Const VERSION As String = DBLSPACE & "Version 1.1.1 2003-Apr-04"
Const REPBACK As String = DBLSPACE & "Please report failure " & _
"to the microsoft.public.excel.programming newsgroup."
Const ALLCLEAR As String = DBLSPACE & "The workbook should " & _
"now be free of all password protection, so make sure you:" & _
DBLSPACE & "SAVE IT NOW!" & DBLSPACE & "and also" & _
DBLSPACE & "BACKUP!, BACKUP!!, BACKUP!!!" & _
DBLSPACE & "Also, remember that the password was " & _
"put there for a reason. Don't stuff up crucial formulas " & _
"or data." & DBLSPACE & "Access and use of some data " & _
"may be an offense. If in doubt, don't."
Const MSGNOPWORDS1 As String = "There were no passwords on " & _
"sheets, or workbook structure or windows." & AUTHORS & VERSION
Const MSGNOPWORDS2 As String = "There was no protection to " & _
"workbook structure or windows." & DBLSPACE & _
"Proceeding to unprotect sheets." & AUTHORS & VERSION
Const MSGTAKETIME As String = "After pressing OK button this " & _
"will take some time." & DBLSPACE & "Amount of time " & _
"depends on how many different passwords, the " & _
"passwords, and your computer's specification." & DBLSPACE & _
"Just be patient! Make me a coffee!" & AUTHORS & VERSION
Const MSGPWORDFOUND1 As String = "You had a Worksheet " & _
"Structure or Windows Password set." & DBLSPACE & _
"The password found was: " & DBLSPACE & "$$" & DBLSPACE & _
"Note it down for potential future use in other workbooks by " & _
"the same person who set this password." & DBLSPACE & _
"Now to check and clear other passwords." & AUTHORS & VERSION
Const MSGPWORDFOUND2 As String = "You had a Worksheet " & _
"password set." & DBLSPACE & "The password found was: " & _
DBLSPACE & "$$" & DBLSPACE & "Note it down for potential " & _
"future use in other workbooks by same person who " & _
"set this password." & DBLSPACE & "Now to check and clear " & _
"other passwords." & AUTHORS & VERSION
Const MSGONLYONE As String = "Only structure / windows " & _
"protected with the password that was just found." & _
ALLCLEAR & AUTHORS & VERSION & REPBACK
Dim w1 As Worksheet, w2 As Worksheet
Dim i As Integer, j As Integer, k As Integer, l As Integer
Dim m As Integer, n As Integer, i1 As Integer, i2 As Integer
Dim i3 As Integer, i4 As Integer, i5 As Integer, i6 As Integer
Dim PWord1 As String
Dim ShTag As Boolean, WinTag As Boolean

Application.ScreenUpdating = False
With ActiveWorkbook
WinTag = .ProtectStructure Or .ProtectWindows
End With
ShTag = False
For Each w1 In Worksheets
ShTag = ShTag Or w1.ProtectContents
Next w1
If Not ShTag And Not WinTag Then
MsgBox MSGNOPWORDS1, vbInformation, HEADER
Exit Sub
End If
MsgBox MSGTAKETIME, vbInformation, HEADER
If Not WinTag Then
MsgBox MSGNOPWORDS2, vbInformation, HEADER
Else
On Error Resume Next
Do 'dummy do loop
For i = 65 To 66: For j = 65 To 66: For k = 65 To 66
For l = 65 To 66: For m = 65 To 66: For i1 = 65 To 66
For i2 = 65 To 66: For i3 = 65 To 66: For i4 = 65 To 66
For i5 = 65 To 66: For i6 = 65 To 66: For n = 32 To 126
With ActiveWorkbook
.Unprotect Chr(i) & Chr(j) & Chr(k) & _
Chr(l) & Chr(m) & Chr(i1) & Chr(i2) & _
Chr(i3) & Chr(i4) & Chr(i5) & Chr(i6) & Chr(n)
If .ProtectStructure = False And _
.ProtectWindows = False Then
PWord1 = Chr(i) & Chr(j) & Chr(k) & Chr(l) & _
Chr(m) & Chr(i1) & Chr(i2) & Chr(i3) & _
Chr(i4) & Chr(i5) & Chr(i6) & Chr(n)
MsgBox Application.Substitute(MSGPWORDFOUND1, _
"$$", PWord1), vbInformation, HEADER
Exit Do 'Bypass all for...nexts
End If
End With
Next: Next: Next: Next: Next: Next
Next: Next: Next: Next: Next: Next
Loop Until True
On Error GoTo 0
End If
If WinTag And Not ShTag Then
MsgBox MSGONLYONE, vbInformation, HEADER
Exit Sub
End If
On Error Resume Next
For Each w1 In Worksheets
'Attempt clearance with PWord1
w1.Unprotect PWord1
Next w1
On Error GoTo 0
ShTag = False
For Each w1 In Worksheets
'Checks for all clear ShTag triggered to 1 if not.
ShTag = ShTag Or w1.ProtectContents
Next w1
If ShTag Then
For Each w1 In Worksheets
With w1
If .ProtectContents Then
On Error Resume Next
Do 'Dummy do loop
For i = 65 To 66: For j = 65 To 66: For k = 65 To 66
For l = 65 To 66: For m = 65 To 66: For i1 = 65 To 66
For i2 = 65 To 66: For i3 = 65 To 66: For i4 = 65 To 66
For i5 = 65 To 66: For i6 = 65 To 66: For n = 32 To 126
.Unprotect Chr(i) & Chr(j) & Chr(k) & _
Chr(l) & Chr(m) & Chr(i1) & Chr(i2) & Chr(i3) & _
Chr(i4) & Chr(i5) & Chr(i6) & Chr(n)
If Not .ProtectContents Then
PWord1 = Chr(i) & Chr(j) & Chr(k) & Chr(l) & _
Chr(m) & Chr(i1) & Chr(i2) & Chr(i3) & _
Chr(i4) & Chr(i5) & Chr(i6) & Chr(n)
MsgBox Application.Substitute(MSGPWORDFOUND2, _
"$$", PWord1), vbInformation, HEADER
'leverage finding Pword by trying on other sheets
For Each w2 In Worksheets
w2.Unprotect PWord1
Next w2
Exit Do 'Bypass all for...nexts
End If
Next: Next: Next: Next: Next: Next
Next: Next: Next: Next: Next: Next
Loop Until True
On Error GoTo 0
End If
End With
Next w1
End If
MsgBox ALLCLEAR & AUTHORS & VERSION & REPBACK, vbInformation, HEADER
End Sub

 

  如下图所示:
  4. 按 F5 执行该模块,会依次弹出四个信息框,如下图所示:
  每次都是点击『确定』按钮后弹出新的信息框,其中第二、三两信信息框之间有稍许的等待时间,请耐心一点。

  5. 弹出第四个信息框内,按下图所示,返回到 Excel 窗口,此时你们发现,保护已经被解除了。
  如果你不想直接复制上述代码,也可点击这里下载

欢迎留下宝贵意见和建议!